Prevention efforts to avoid heart disease begins with improving lifestyle and controlling risk factors, thereby reducing the chances of the disease.
For prevention of heart disease, avoid obesity and high cholesterol. Start by eating more vegetables, fruits, grains, other fibrous foods and fish. Reduce meat, snacks (snacks), and high-calorie foods and many contain other saturated fats. Foods that contain lots of cholesterol deposited in artery walls and cause atherosclerosis that trigger heart disease and stroke.
Quitting smoking is the target to be achieved, also avoiding cigarette smoke from the environment. Smoking causes reduced blood vessel elasticity, thereby increasing the hardening of the arteries, and increases blood clotting factors that trigger heart disease. Smoking has a chance of coronary heart disease affected approximately two times higher than non-smokers.
Reduce drinking alcohol. The more alcohol consumption, the possibility of hemorrhagic stroke, especially of the higher. Alcohol can raise blood pressure, weakened heart, thicken the blood and cause arterial spasm.
Do Exercise / physical activity. Exercise can help reduce body weight, controlling cholesterol, and lowering blood pressure is another risk factor for heart exposed.
Control high blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Hypertension is a major factor of coronary heart disease. Diabetes also increases the risk of stroke from 1.5 to 4 times as much, especially if uncontrolled blood sugar.
Avoid using illegal drugs such as heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, because these drugs drugs may increase the risk of stroke 7-fold compared with non-drug users.