Friday, May 21, 2010

Protect Yourself, family and community

Protect yourself, family and community by:
- Stay up date information on avian Mexico
- Cover mouth and nose with a tissue badly mistaken coughing and sneezing. Dispose of tissues that have been used and use the new
- Wash hands frequently with soap and water, especially after coughing and sneezing.
Hand-washing soap containing alcohol may be used
- Avoid touching eyes, nose, or mouth. Bacteria will spread through all sections.
- Avoid contact with people who are sick
- If you experience symptoms of a flu-like illness, seven days there lived at home until symptoms disappear
within 24 hours. Fixed to avoid contact with other family members so that the virus does not spread.
- Learn how to cope and care for the sick
- Adhere to the rules given
- If you are still healthy, alert to prepare medicines, adequate food and other supplies.

Thursday, May 20, 2010

Emergency Signs

When experiencing these things, immediately consult a doctor, especially for children:
- Difficulty breathing
- The skin becomes bluish
- Vomiting
- Not able to get up
- Be sensitive. In children usually do not want dipeganh body.
- Lack of fluids
- More severe flu-like symptoms, fever, and cough that got worse

In adults, the signs of a complete emergency medical attention include:
- Difficult breathing
- Pain in the chest or abdominal pain
- Feeling of dizziness or a sudden headache
- Confused
- Throw-weight
- Flu-like symptoms to get worse, coughing and fever worsened

Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Avoid Contact And Maintenance Requirements

When suffering from illness, may last a week or more. You have to stay home and rest and avoid contact with others except when to go to the doctor.
When must to the doctor, use a mask or cover your mouth and nose. Cover nose and mouth when sneezing and coughing.
Recommendation to avoid contact with other people is that the disease is not easily spread. Because you will spread disease a day before having symptoms until seven days after the illness (in children could be at least up to 10 days).

When seriously ill, then a higher risk of complications from the flu this. Immediately contact and consult a doctor. Doctors will soon determine what to do next either type of flu virus check or direct care and treatment.
Please note, if the flu has spread to many people, doctors will not perform tests for flu viruses, but the immediate cure.
Antiviral drugs to be administered in the form of pill, syrup or inhaler. This medicine is given with a doctor's prescription and should not be any use.

Tuesday, May 18, 2010

Flu Symptoms

New H1N1 virus causing the pain for those infected in countries such as the United States and other countries. The experts said the disease can be deadly if not more dangerous avian flu.
The most common symptoms are usually other fever, headache, fatigue, cough, sore throat, colds, aches, diarrhea and nausea. Usually people who had the flu will experience at least two of all these symptoms.
Mexican flu are very similar to ordinary flu symptoms. High-risk group of people who suffered complications from the flu among they who are aged 65 years or older, children aged 5 years, pregnant women, people with chronic diseases such as asthma, diabetes or heart attack, and brands immunosupresif treatment . HIV sufferers, of course including those at high risk as well.

Monday, May 17, 2010

Antiviral Drug Benefit

Care and Healing
Antiviral drugs can make a mild illness and will feel more healthy. It also serves to prevent the occurrence of serious complications.
Antiviral drugs work very well after developing the disease (approximately within two days). However, treatment with antiviral drugs should be performed until 48jam, especially for those who underwent inpatient at the hospital, because a higher risk of influenza-related complications.

Influenza antiviral drugs can also be used to prevent influenza munculonya when consumed by those who are not sick. But of course it was given to those who are close to the Mexican people with flu-like health workers.
As a precaution, the drug is effective up to 70% -90%. While giving a maximum determined by the conditions of each individual.

CDC Recommendations
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends use of oseltamivir or zanamivir for flu treatment or prevention of Mexico, as follows:
- Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is permitted to treat or prevent consumed virus infection
influenza A and B in people aged 1 year or more
- Zanamivir (Relenza) allowed consumed to treat infections of influenza A and B viruses
for their 7-year-old yangt or more. When used for prevention allowed
consumed by those who are aged five years or more.
Treatment and prevention recommendations, this could be changed in accordance with the development of an existing flu virus.

Sunday, May 16, 2010

Four Antiviral Drugs

Antiviral drug is a prescription medicine in the form of pill, syrup or inhaler which its activity against influenza viruses, including influenza A H1N1 virus.
These drugs can be used to treat and prevent infections caused by influenza viruses Mexico. Supervision provided by a doctor or a doctor's prescription and is only useful for influenza virus infection, not to other viral infections.
There are at least four antiviral drugs that circulate in the world that is oseltamivir, zanamivir, amantadine and rimantadine. However, influenza A H1N1 virus was detected in the United States and Mexico were resistant to amantadine and rimantadine. Therefore, both the drug is not effective to overcome the flu Mexico.
However, based on laboratory tests, the flu virus is sensitive to Mexican drug oseltamivir and zanamivir.

Saturday, May 15, 2010

When the Child Get Fever And beware Symptoms

- If the child does not require special medical care, keeping children in order to keep the break and maintained at home.
- Give to drink as much as water, juice or pedialyte
- Make your child feel comfortable. Rest is the most important thing for them.
- To overcome a fever, sore throat, or muscle pain, febrifuge performance is using the recommended doctor with age. Do not give aspirin to children and adolescents because it can cause Reye's syndrome endanger the lives of children
- When a sick family member, keep the child from those who are not sick.
- Provide a disposable tissue. Bring on the sick and provide special bins for the tissue-tissue.

Here are aware of the signs in children:
- Fast breathing was rapid or difficult breathing
- Leather-gray or bluish
- Less liquid
- Can not wake up
- Very sensitive to touch her body
- Do not shed tears when crying
- The symptoms disappeared but the fever rises, worsening cough

Friday, May 14, 2010

Beware Child Weak And Teach Children

Typical symptoms may not be encountered in children suffering from the flu if someday Mexico. Somewhat difficult to diagnose especially if the child is not smart. But if an when the child begins to have trouble breathing, no longer active or lethargic, you need to be alert.
Generally, influenza infection does not give effect means for the children except for infants. Although rare, severe respiratory diseases like pneumonia and death can occur in children infected with influenza. Condition of the more alarming when children have other chronic diseases.
And if it is known children are in direct contact with flu patients Mexico, immediately take the child to the doctor to be given antiviral drugs to prevent flu infection.

Mexican flu virus spreads through coughing and sneezing sick person that spread through air or direct contact when a person touches droplets from the nose.
Therefore there is no effective vaccine to cope. There are several things you can do for children:
- Teach children to wash hands with soap and water for 20 seconds correctly
- Teach children to sneeze or cough tissue
- Teach children not having contact with other people who are sick at least one
- Children who are ill should stay at home and on vacation from school and away
of others until his condition improved again
- In a region that has been infected with flu Mexico, keep the children from shopping malls, cinemas, or places where there is usually a crowd.

Thursday, May 13, 2010

For Nursing Mothers

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that the careful and cautious is the right step for parents, especially mothers who are breastfeeding a baby, dealing with the Mexican flu.
Washing hands with soap must be continually performed because the mother held the baby at any time.
When sneezing or coughing while nursing, mothers must be careful. We recommend using a mask if when you're sick.
Mother's Milk is the main protection for the baby. Through Mother's Milk, the protective antibodies from the mother was also given to infants. Antibodies are proteins made by the type of the immune system to help fight infection.
Flu can be a problem in infants. Babies who do not get Mother's Milk may be susceptible to infection. Because it was not to stop breastfeeding because it helps babies develop their immune system to fight disease, including infection.
And if the mother is ill, granting permanent Mother's Milk is recommended. Do not stop it. Ideally, babies should get up to six months from birth.
Especially when your baby is sick, granting Mother's Milk becomes a liability. When sick, the baby will need more fluids than usual.
Fluids Mother's Milk for babies is better compared to other liquids such as water, juice or pedialyte because it helps protect the baby.

Wednesday, May 12, 2010

Influenza A H1N1 Vaccine

Because new viruses, including H1N1, there is currently no vaccine is ready and available for use against this virus. At least it took five to six months to create a completely new influenza vaccine.
Currently scientists are working on the holding of new vaccines. Vaccines typically contain a form of influenza virus that is dead or weakened. These vaccines are to prepare the immune system to defend itself against infection.
Vaccines are the only way to protect humans from epidemic and pandemic influenza. The other is the antiviral drug used is biased, personal and community health maintenance.
Scientific evidence shows that regular flu vaccines, has not been able to fight influenza A H1N1.
World Health Organization (WHO) also began to enter into agreements with vaccine manufacturers around the world to begin producing vaccine. World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure that all appropriate criteria procedure vaccine production, safety, adan ready to be produced at any time if needed.
The first doses of influenza A H1N1 vaccine can be made within five to six months after the pandemic strain of the virus that causes identified.
More than 90% of global capacity currently exist in Europe and North America. However, during the last five years several other territory already biased memprodruksi influenza vaccine.
Vaccines should be stored at temperatures below the 2-8'C.
Vaccines produced made with a very high level of security.
Guillain Barre Syndrome is an acute disorder of the nervous system. Usually arise due to various infections, including influenza. Pandemic vaccines are made based on a proven srtandard. Nevertheless, this new product will lead to other risks which will affect humans with a different reaction. Therefore, the system of monitoring and investigation of serious side effects, is an integral strategy in implementing this new vaccine.
Inactivated influenza vaccine can be given when other vaccines are also provided. However, to be injected in different locations.

Tuesday, May 11, 2010

Swine and Avian Flu

Acute respiratory illnesses are no more dangerous contagious H5N1 bird flu virus. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), from 899 cases of infection of only 20 cases of death occurred. The mortality rate between 1% -4%
Meanwhile, from 421 cases of bird flu, the death rate reached 257 or 80%.

Differences H5N1 and H1N1
- The ability for rapid mutation
- Easily transmitted between birds, but rare among human being
- Related to the receptors in the lungs and other body parts but not in channel
Upper respiratory

- Can be spread among humans
- Related to the receptors in the upper respiratory tract and cause pain
- It could be a pandemic

Monday, May 10, 2010

Phase-Phase Outbreak Disease Source

Phase 1:
No human infections caused by viruses circulating in animals

Phase 2:
Flu virus in animals to infect humans, and this is a potential pandemic

Phase 3:
Sporadic flu infects humans, but no significant inter-human transmission

Phase 4:
Human to human transmission in a country

Phase 5:
Transmission from humans to humans in two countries. Strong signal that the disease would soon cause a pandemic

Phase 6:
Infectious virus among humans in many countries is called a global pandemic

Pandemic activity decreased, although the second wave is still possible

Activity returned to normal at the level of seasonal flu

Sunday, May 9, 2010

Definition Phase

Influenza disease can be classified as a zoonotic disease (animal disease which is transmissible to humans). As bird flu is caused by virus type A subtype H5N1 in Asia, H7N7 in Europe, and H9N2 in China and Hong Kong, H1N1 Swine fibers are categorized as zoonotic diseases.
Zoonotic disease transmission is divided into inter-animal, animal to humans and between humans.
Facing the influenza pandemic, World Health Organization (WHO) distinguishes this virus transmission phase into three periods namely prepandemic, interpandemic and pandemic.

Prepandemic period is divided into:
Phase 1: When the transmission occurs only between animals and there has been no outbreak in animals
Phase 2: When the transmission occurs between animals but has become a plague

Interpandemic period is divided into:
Phase 3: When the transmission from animals to humans occurs
Phase 4: Transmission between humans has occurred in a country
Phase 5: When the transmission occurs between people in two countries

Pandemic period:
Phase 6: When there is transmission between humans has occurred in many countries

Therefore, 30 April 2009, the WHO said all States must immediately activate all of pandemic preparedness plans. The threat of swine flu virus must be taken seriously.

Saturday, May 8, 2010

Influenza A H1N1 or influenza Mexico

Food Administration Organization (FAO) on 30 April 2009 in Rome, stating that no pigs in Mexico and around the world are infected with new virus type A subtype H1N1 variant.
Therefore, the Food Administration Organization (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) on 30 April 2009 to rename the swine flu influenza A H1N1.
While it is also proposed to change the name of a swine flu that already exists with the title now Flu Mexico (such as Spanish flu, Asian flu, Hong Kong Flu, Russia Flu)

Friday, May 7, 2010

Disease Transmission Resources

World Health Organization April 30, 2009 stating that the swine flu officially has entered the fifth phase.
Means the transmission of the virus between humans has occurred and not from pigs to humans. Source of human disease and not from a pig. Means pig is not a source of disease transmission swine flu.
Influenza virus transmission is not through diet but through droplets or through direct contact with patients.
Therefore, the consumption of pork is not the way swine flu transmission of the disease. H1N1 virus was no longer infective at a temperature of 53 'C or after 3 hours of sunlight.
Thus, consumption of pork can be done when the pork is cooked at temperatures over 70'C or 160'F.
Closure actions pig farms and pork import ban is not anything useful in the handling of this outbreak.
Virus in Mexico is a type of H1N1, H3N2, H3N1, and H1N2 but only superficially. Its contents constitute a unity which will bring about a new virus that exchanged genes. This can occur in pigs, and then to humans, it will then remain in the human. Mexican flu infections also depends on the endurance of a person's body. People strong body resistance will not be affected by this influenza.
Is different from the H5N1 virus because H1N1 can be destroyed by the body. The incubation period for 3-5 days. If there are patients who are suspected of suffering from this disease will be given the drug Oseltamivir or Tamiflu to kill the virus.
As anticipated, especially frequent hand washing prior to processing food, before eating, and after doing the activities.
Use a mask, especially when you're sick. And if a person suspected of the disease with symptoms of fever and cough, immediately went to the doctor.

Thursday, May 6, 2010

How Swine Flu Plague

Phase I
Flu virus mutates itself over time that cause changes in proteins on their surface called antigens. If the immune system have been met with a certain strain of virus which had been known previously. However, if antigen-antigen is a new thing for the immune system, then the virus will be weakened.

Phase II
Influenza A virus can mutate in two ways: antigenic drift or adaptive mutation, whereby the existing antigen transformed and antigenic shift or mutation of the mating process of two or more kinds of antigens. Antigenic drift, causing a small mutations in the flu virus from year to year, which attacks the human immune system but not completely. In contrast, the new H1N1 strain emerged in a way antigenic shift in pigs in Mexico

Phase III
The name used because of swine flu in pigs occurred the marriage of the body or coalition of strain, whether it was genetic material from their own pigs, birds, or humans. Most humans have never affected by a number of antigens that are involved to form a new flu stain that potentially cause a pandemic

Phase IV
This new virus variants have been transmitted to humans from pigs to humans and eventually also be transmitted from human to human. For that much needed special attention from relevant agencies, which has the authority to resolve health problems. The virus is transmitted from human to human through coughing, sneezing or contact with an infected person. Yet not much is known how the virus works in the human body.

Wednesday, May 5, 2010

Unstable Virus

Type A influenza viruses are highly unstable. Each year the virus experienced minor changes in antigen structure, called antigenic drift or adaptive mutation.
Can also through antigenic shift mutations or mutations with reasortment process of two or more kinds of antigens. For example, when the Asian flu, H3N2 virus is the result of H1N1 and H2N2 viruses marriage.
Third seasonal H1N1 viruses, H2N2 and H3N2 in humans living can easily live on a pig. Pigs have the privilege of being the place of marriage different viruses and form a new virus.
Pigs have receptors in both animals and humans. Therefore, swine flu virus found in Mexico and type A subtype H1N1, H1N2, H3N2 and H3N1. These viruses derived from pigs that have been reasortment form a new virus and is transmitted to humans.
At least there are about 16 types of hemagglutinin and nine neuraminidase types so you can imagine the number of combinations that could threaten human HN.
Seasonal influenza take place regularly and the WHO estimates that annually kills about 250 thousand to 500 thousand people every year.

Tuesday, May 4, 2010

Beginning with the Spanish Flu

It all started with the influenza pandemic called the Spanish flu in 1918 and took the lives of 50 million people, more people around the world and 550 thousand inhabitants in the USA.
In 1930 Smith declared the cause of this Spanish flu virus type A subtype H1N1 Orthomyxoviridae. This also turned out to be the H1N1 causes disease in swine influenza.
Nevertheless the term swine flu was first introduced by Dr.Ricahard Shope from USA. Year 1932, wiping snot Dr.Richard pigs on the farm and managed to Sesame menularkanya pigs.
Supports the theory of Smith, Shope 1935 proved that the people who survived the Spanish flu pandemic from 1918 to 1919 after World War I has a virus antibody babai. However, subsequent generations do not have these antibodies. Shope also concluded, pandemic like the Spanish flu that killed 50 million people worldwide were caused by viruses of this pig.
Shope theory has finally recognized the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the early 1990s. Laboratory results contagious virus that had a young soldier, USA, David Lewis at Fort Dix, confirmed the same with a pig's Shope virus.
Be cause of swine influenza H1N1 virus and this is the beginning of the Spanish flu swine flu virus around the world.
H1 protein (Hemagglutinin 1) N1 (Neuraminisase 1) is an antigen that attacks the human immune system. Small changes for the second antigen is usually not cause flu outbreaks. However, mutations that resulted in serious human antobodi overwhelmed against this virus that causes pandemic flu.
Influenza pandemic in humans is called following the Asian flu in 1957. H2N2 virus is the cause that took the lives of two million inhabitants.
Pandemic influenza in humans, called Hong Kong flu caused the deaths returned 750 thousand inhabitants in 1968. H3N2 viruses that cause pandemics.
In 1976, outbreaks of swine influenza in pigs in the USA to attack humans who interact with the pig with a mortality rate of 0.

Monday, May 3, 2010

Medicine and Handling

With antiviral medication oseltamivir, zanamivir. Actually there are two drugs amantadine and rimantadine again that, but existing data indicate the cases were resistant to two drugs that are not used.

When exposed to influenza A (H1N1)
1. Stay home and do not work or school. Stay away from the crowd much
people so as not to infect
2. Rest and consume as much water as possible
3. Shut your mouth and nose, with a tissue when coughing, sneezing. Then discard the tissue
those in the trash
4. Wash hands with soap use before eating, before or after holding the baby,
after holding something dirty and especially after coughing or sneezing.
5. Make healthy lifestyle such as sleeping enough, eating nutritious foods, and exercise
6. When the 2-3 days of fever does not improve, go to a doctor immediately
7. Tell the family and ask for the help of others when you must exit
home so it does not meet many people

When not exposed to influenza A (H1N1)
1. Wash hands regularly with soap and water before eating, before or after
holding the baby and after holding something dirty
2. As much as possible avoid direct contact with people who have the flu so not
3. Make healthy lifestyle such as sleeping enough, eating nutritious foods and exercise

When someone in the house experiencing flu symptoms Mexican
1. If you can provide a separate room with others. Or try to be patient
are not close to them that well, at least one meter away
2. Shut your mouth and nose when they take patients to hospital
3. Wash hands with soap and water after contact with an infected person
4. Try running with good air circulation
5. Try to clean the home environment

Sunday, May 2, 2010

Symptoms and Definitions

When exposed to this disease, general symptoms are similar to influenza, with clinical signs:
- Fever, cough, runny nose, lethargy, fatigue, sore throat
- Quick breath or difficulty breathing
- Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
through droplet transmission mode or saliva, sneezing, and can also directly contact through those infected. Incubation period 3-5 days the virus, although some are mentioned 2-3 days.

A person with symptoms of acute respiratory infection (fever> 38 degrees Celsius) ranging from mild symptoms of Influenza Like Illnes (ILI) to pneumonia, plus one of the following circumstances:
- Within 7 days before illness case of contact with swine influenza (H1N1)
- Within 7 days before illness had visited the area contained one or more cases
swine influenza (H1N1)

A person with suspected symptoms accompanied by positive laboratory result for influenza A but can not be known subtype by using the reagent of seasonal influenza. Or the person who died of acute respiratory infection diseases of unknown cause and epidemiologic correlates (contact within 7 days before onset) with cases of probable or confirmation

Someone with symptoms of suspected or probable and laboratory confirmed swine influenza (H1N1) by checking one or more of the following tests:
- Real Time RT PCR
- Culture Virus
- Improvement of four times a specific antibody swine influenza (H1N1) with the neutralization test

Saturday, May 1, 2010

Virus Type A

Influenza A (H1N1), previously known as Swine flu has spread in various parts of the world. Today the World Health Organization together with countries around the world are trying to be a virus which is also called the flu spreads to more and more Mexicans are not limit amount of foreign travel or perform screening for those who enter a country.
When the note is high fever, that person will soon be further examined and taken into quarantine at the airport.
Drugs associated with flu prevention Mexico as Oseltamivir, which is also used for the H5N1 strain has also been provided.
Avian influenza is a disease caused by virus type A subtype H1N1, H1N2, H3N1, H3N2. Are now widely discussed is the H1N1 subtype.
The disease is first transmitted through animals, especially pigs, and now human transmission has occurred. The disease is now classified in the Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), and since 29 April, by the Director of the World Health Organization, has classified the Pandemic Phase 5.