Tuesday, August 3, 2010

About Kidney

Kidneys are bean-shaped organ located below the large ribs, on either side of the bone belakang.Setiap kidneys have 4-5 inches long and 2 to 2.5 inches thick. The size is about the size of a fist.

The inside of the kidney-shaped concave and has a wedge-like shape. Arteries, veins, nerves and kidneys through the ureter associated with this into the cavity in the ginjal.2 main artery of the kidney is divided into 4 or 5 branches.

Next divided into branches that grew smaller, until each small branch into clumps of blood vessels are small and dense, capillaries, called a glomerulus.

Clots This allows fluid and food debris through the walls so that they can be issued in the form of urine. Glomerulus is the main filter unit of the nephron, which is the functional units of the kidney. There are more than 1 million nephrons in each kidney.

Approximately 180 liters of blood is filtered by the kidneys every day. At the end of filtration, the kidneys make up about 1.5 liters of urine every day. The remainder reabsorbed by the body through arteries.

The kidneys filter blood, remove excess fluids and food scraps and turn into urine. The kidneys also maintain the balance of various chemical substances contained in blood.

Urine is formed in the kidney functional parts are collected in one place called the renal pelvis. Shaped like a funnel. Urine enters the wide end and pass through the small end into the ureter. The ureter is a tube measuring 14-18 inches from each kidney.

This channel to channel urine from the kidney to the bladder until removed from the body. Stones can form anywhere between the renal pelvis, ureter or bladder. Its size also varied, ranging from rice to fist size.

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