Cholera is a kind of acute watery diarrhea. Cholera attacked it as an epidemic or as separate cases. Most cases of cholera are usually mild and therefore separate it difficult to distinguish from other types of acute diarrhea. The epidemic is a condition in which a large number of people affected by health problems that spread quickly at the same time. It is important to detect cholera quickly as possible in order to immediately start treatment. Treatment of delayed or inadequate can lead to severe complications such as dehydration (lack of fluids) and a decrease in blood pressure due to the reduced number or blood volume.
Cholera is usually suspected when a person older than five years of severe dehydration caused by acute watery diarrhea caused by cholera sector in a region. Vomiting is also common in cases of cholera.
Diarrhea is more common in some seasons. Variational seasons differ from one region to another. For example, in temperate, diarrhea caused by bacteria is more common in the warm season, while the diarrhea caused by viral infections are more common in winter. In the tropics, diarrhea caused by viral infections tend to occur throughout the year, but more common during the dry season and cool. Diarrhea caused by bacterial infection is more common in the warm rainy season in tropical regions.
Germs that cause diarrhea usually by faecal oral spread. This means that from someone who is infected human feces to the mouth of the germs that are not infected. Through the faecal oral transmission include:
- Consumption of contaminated food or drink including water
- Direct contact from one person to another
- Direct contact with infected human feces
Diarrhea can spread through unhygienic actions, such as preparing food with unwashed hands after cleaning the waste water or human excrement of a child, or allowing a child to play in areas where there is contaminated by human feces