Diabetes Mellitus has been known since long. The name diabetes was first recognized by the Greek health experts, namely Celcus and Areteus. The name at that time due to diabetes in people who drink a lot and urinate a lot. In the world of medicine known as Diabetes Mellitus term.
Diabetes mellitus is known as a chronic disease caused by disturbances in the system metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the body. Metabolic disturbances caused by the lack of production or resistance of body cells to insulin. The hormone insulin was discovered by Dr. Frederick Banting and Prof.. Charles Best from England in 1921.
The role of insulin in the process of metabolism is to convert sugar into energy and fat synthesis. Low insulin state body, resulting in an excess of sugar in the blood, called hyperglycemia. Excess sugar is removed from the body through the urine, because it is called diabetes. And produced substances to excess ketones and acids. Substances ketones and acids that cause excessive thirst constantly, lots of urine, weight loss.
In normal conditions, pancreatic efficiently regulate blood sugar levels on an ongoing basis. If the pancreas produces little insulin only, arising from diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus can be helped to overcome with good treatment, good nutrition and healthy living.
In type 2 diabetes, many things we can do to control it, but few realize it. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or can be well controlled through healthy diet and healthy lifestyle choices.